Human body undergoes a series of physiological changes such as decreased cardiac output, loss of muscle mass, and low metabolism as it grows old, the rate at which these physiological changes occur are dependent on factors such as individual gene and the environments, making people experience different rates within an individual and between people, read more on
Individuals in the frail group have difficulties in completing (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is because most people in this group have chronic conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and loss of muscle mass which prevent proper functioning of the body. Designing physical activities tailored toward improving ADL and IADL should be prioritized for this group to improve their experience of life and make them self dependent.
The major health condition that most senior people experience is a heart condition which contributes to sudden death in these people, therefore, designing exercises that improve the health of the heart should be your priority, low impact aerobic exercises are ideal for this group, however, close monitoring is required during exercises, to make sure the intensity of the aerobic exercise remain low or moderate level as recommended monitor heart rate, blood pressure as well as their perceived exertion regularly, ensure you collect important data during such exercise to help you design a safe and progressive exercise program that is tailored to individual needs and capabilities. Those are some of the recommended exercises for seniors but also important are flexibility and coordination exercise.