Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. There is also a higher chance of someone developing epilepsy if one if the family members has to this condition. Individuals who have epilepsy will have some items which can be identified as triggers if the disorder. Some of the triggers may include alcohol, caffeine, lack of sleep, stress and illness. Individuals with epilepsy usually have different triggers which may involve a combination of various things. The type of seizures an individual has will determine the type of medication provided in managing the neurological disorder. There are mainly two type of seizures which include the generalized seizures and focal seizures. In each the two cause different reactions in individuals with focal causing dizziness, loss of five senses and twitching of limbs while generalized seizures cause loss of bladder and jerking movement of legs and arms.
The treatment drugs and options are provided base son the kind of seizures the epileptic patient has. The drugs have been placed into two categories and they differ in terms of the side effects. The patient with epilepsy needs the broad spectrum drugs in treating more that one seizures that he or she has and the side effects of using the medication may include insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other anti- epilepsy drug is known as narrow spectrum and it is used to treat specific seizures with the side effects vary depending on how the drug has been administered. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is administered as a solution, oral table or IV injection. The person with epilepsy mostly ha recurrent seizures and these drugs ensure that the seizures have stopped or fewer. The medication effectiveness is out to test when a person has identified his or her triggers. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
When the anti-epilepsy drugs have not worked the person still has some options. Brain surgery and vagus nerve stimulations are options available to patient of epilepsy when the drugs don't work. There is a stimulator placed under the epileptic person